File:Apicius Handschrift New York Academy of Medicine.jpg|thumb|right|The ''Apicius'' manuscript (ca. 900 AD) of the Fulda monastery|monastery of Fulda in Germany, which was acquired in 1929 by the New York Academy of Medicine
'''''Apicius''''' is a collection of Roman Empire|Roman
cookery recipes, usually thought to have been compiled in the late 4th or early 5th century AD and written in a language that is in many ways closer to Vulgar Latin|Vulgar
than to Classical Latin
; later recipes using Vulgar Latin (such as ''ficatum'', ''bullire'') were added to earlier recipes using Classical Latin (such as ''iecur'', ''fervere'').
The name "Apicius" had long been associated with excessively refined love of food, from the habits of an early bearer of the name, Marcus Gavius Apicius
, a Roman gourmet
and lover of refined luxury, who lived sometime in the 1st century AD during the reign of Tiberius
. He is sometimes erroneously...